Long vowels A and U
Except the short vocals: Fatha, Kassre and Damma, which are always pronounced short in the Arabic language, there are other vocals, too. We are going to learn another two vocals in this lesson, the long vocal “A” and the other vocal “U”. We make the long “A” by adding an aleph without any signs to the letter that already has Fatha (E), but note that that Aleph can appear in a shortened form which looks like an appostrophe. The long A in the Arabic language lasts the same as when the letter A is pronounced twice.
And about the other vocal “U” it is formed by adding Waw without any other signs to the harf with Damma. The U formed like this lasts the same as when the letter U is pronounced twice.