Lesson 22

Diacritical Signs
During our studying of the Qur’an we are going to find harfs written in very small letters above the words in the ayats – these are signs of pause. Their purpose is to help and make the learning of the Qur’an easier. Next to the round and often decorated sign often found at the end of the ayat – sentence and represents a fullstop. The other signs that appear above the word are divided in the following groups:
•    Signs where you must stop,
•    Signs where you should stop (it is better to stop),
•    Signs where it is better to continue the learning,
•    Sign that you mustn’t stop, if you stop you have to repeat a word or two,
When the word where we make a pause has a sign “Fatha”, “Kasra”, “Damma” or tanwin “/In/” or “/Un/” on the last harf, then we are going to learn that harf like it has s sukoon on it, eg: (selamun-selam), or (kitabun-kitab). However, if the word ends in tanwin “En”, then we make a pause like it has a “long A” at the end, eg: (tevvaben-tevvabaa). In case when the word where we want to make a pause ends in a rounded “T” with any signs on it, then the “T” is going to be read like “H” with a sukoon, eg: (ihvetun-ihveh) or (tevbetun-tevbeh). In the animated lesson below you can see these signs in action.