Lesson 17

In this lesson we have three new hafs, three strong harfs above which the short vocal “E” or fatha is read as short “A”, and if it comes with a sukoon with fatha before it, the fatha is read as “A”. They are joined from the both sides. The first of these harfs is:
The harf “TA” doesn’t exist in our language, we can call it strong “T”. During the pronunciation of this harf, the tip of the tongue leans to the base of the upper incisor teeth, the front part of the tongue is placed to the rooth of the upper teeth, the back part of the tongue lifts backwards to the soft palates, and the lips are slightly rounded and bulged. The lip muscles are loosened up. In certain extent it matches our letter “T”. When it comes with a sukoon this harf is pronounced more intensely.
The harf “ZA” also doesn’t exist in our language, and we can say that it is a hard form of the harf “ZAAL”. It looks like the harf “TA” but it has one dot above it. During the pronunciation of this harf, the tip of the tongue is placed between the upper and lower teeth. Its rear part lifts up towards the soft palate and the rear part of the tongue becomes concave, and the lips rounded and bulged. The pronunciation of this harf is in some extent matches the harf “ZAAL”. Its pronunciation is hard and dull, the lips are joined and the tongue is in the back.
The harf “KHAA” like the previous two, doesn’t exist in our language, it is another form of the letter “H”. We can say that it is hard and strong “H”. It looks like the harf “JEEM” but the difference is that it has a dot above. During the pronunciation of this harf, the rear part of the tongue lifts up towards the soft palate. With the friction of the air coming from the lungs in the narrow pasage in the esophagus, a hoarse sound is produced similar to snoring. The pronunciation of this harf matches the german pronunciation of the letter “CH” in the word: “ACHTUNG” – attention.